Personalized Medicine

CAR T-Cell Therapy Associated with Unique, Acute Adverse Events Requiring Vigilant Monitoring

Wayne Kuznar

April 2019, Vol 10, No 2 - Immunotherapy

San Francisco, CA—Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy is associated with unique adverse events that require vigilant monitoring, aggressive care, and specialized management. Marco L. Davila, MD, PhD, Medical Oncologist, Blood and Marrow Transplant and Cellular Immunotherapy Program, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, provided an overview of this topic at the 2019 ASCO-SITC Clinical Immuno-Oncology Symposium. [ Read More ]

Genomic Markers of Response Improve Patient Selection for Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy

Wayne Kuznar

April 2019, Vol 10, No 2 - Immunotherapy

San Francisco, CA—Promising markers of response to immune checkpoint inhibition include tumor mutation burden (TMB) and genomic markers that reflect a disruption of the tumor immunity cycle, said Natalie Vokes, MD, MPhil, Medical Oncology Fellow, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, at the 2019 ASCO-SITC Clinical Immuno-Oncology Symposium. [ Read More ]

Adjuvant Chemotherapy May Be Spared in Localized Breast Cancer If pCR Is Attained with Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

Phoebe Starr

April 2019, Vol 10, No 2 - Breast Cancer

San Antonio, TX—Reaching pathologic complete response (pCR) after neo­adjuvant chemotherapy correlates with significantly improved event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with localized breast cancer, according to results of a large comprehensive meta-analysis presented at the 2018 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium. [ Read More ]

Tamoxifen 5 mg Daily as Effective as 20 mg in Early Localized Breast Cancer

Phoebe Starr

April 2019, Vol 10, No 2 - Breast Cancer

San Antonio, TX—The large, randomized TAM-01 clinical trial demonstrated that 5 mg daily of tamoxifen for 3 years halved the risk for recurrence of breast intraepithelial neoplasia—atypical ductal hyperplasia, ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), and lobular carcinoma in situ—in women after surgery and reduced the risk for new contralateral breast cancer by 75% compared with placebo. [ Read More ]

Personalizing Immunotherapy in NSCLC Using PD-L1 and Tumor Mutation Burden as Biomarkers

Wayne Kuznar

April 2019, Vol 10, No 2 - Lung Cancer

San Francisco, CA—Tumor expression of PD-L1 has consistently predicted ­response and survival outcomes in non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), whereas the role of PD-L1 in immune cells is unclear, said Edward B. Garon, MD, Director, Thoracic Oncology Program, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, at the 2019 ASCO-SITC Clinical Immuno-Oncology Symposium. [ Read More ]

Atezolizumab plus Nab-Paclitaxel for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer with PD-L1 Expression

Phoebe Starr

April 2019, Vol 10, No 2 - Breast Cancer

San Antonio, TX—Adding the PD-L1 inhibitor atezolizumab (Tecentriq) to nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane) chemother­apy is the first immunotherapy-based combination to improve progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in women with advanced or metastatic triple-negative breast cancer and PD-L1 expression compared with placebo plus nab-paclitaxel, according to results of the IMpassion130 clinical trial. [ Read More ]

FDA Approves First Hormonal-Based Therapy for Men with Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer, FDA Approvals, News & Updates, In the News

On April 4, 2019, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) expanded the indication of palbociclib (Ibrance; Pfizer), a kinase inhibitor, in combination with specific endocrine therapies for men with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative advanced or metastatic breast cancer. This is the first hormonal-based therapy to be approved for men. [ Read More ]